At stake are the tension registered in recent weeks due to the deployment of Russian troops to the border with Ukraine and the demands of Moscow to maintain its sphere of influence over the countries that were under the control of the Soviet Union until 1989 and that now want to join. to NATO.
Europe faces the greatest risk of war in the last 30 years, warned the Polish Foreign Minister this Thursday when he assumed the rotating presidency of the OSCE, a security organization that, he defended, should reduce tensions between Russia and the West.
“The risk of a war in the OSCE [Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe] region is greater now than it has been in the last 30 years”, warned Minister Zbigniew Rau, in presenting the priorities of the new presidency to the permanent council. of that organization in Vienna.
Rau mentioned, without expressly mentioning, the tension registered in recent weeks due to the deployment of Russian troops to the border with Ukraine and the demands by Moscow to maintain its sphere of influence over the countries that were under the control of the Soviet Union until 1989 and who now want to join NATO.
“Recently, we have received several requests for related security guarantees in a significant part of the OSCE area and a renewed discourse on areas of influence”, said the minister.
This debate, he assured, requires “serious analysis and an adequate reaction”, which must be based on international law and the commitments made by OSCE members.
The Polish OSCE presidency “is not indifferent” to the security problems raised by some of the member states, he said, adding that he believes the organization is “the appropriate platform” to seek diplomatic solutions.
“We are open to dialogue and proposals to reach a mutual agreement that will reduce tensions in the OSCE area”, underlined the Polish minister, admitting, however, that many States seek security guarantees, such as belonging to military alliances. .
According to Zbigniew Rau, the 57 countries of the OSCE – which extends from Canada to Russia – “currently face a particularly complicated combination of challenges to peace and security”, among which are several “frozen” conflicts, such as the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, between Armenia and Azerbaijan, Transnistria, between Moldova and Russia, in addition to the risk of military clashes or terrorism.
These crises, added to human rights violations and the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic, increase uncertainty and fear in society, he warned.
The OSCE is a regional security organization that emerged from the dialogue, starting in 1975, between the Eastern and Western Cold War blocs.
Source: with agencies