Here we have gathered famous works of western art that have entered the hall of fame, made by painters from different times and countries.
1) Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci
Mona Lisa (“Lady Lisa”), also known as La Gioconda (in Italian: La Gioconda, “the smiling one” [; in French, La Joconde)” or even Mona Lisa del Giocondo (“Lady Lisa wife of Giocondo”) is the most remarkable and well-known works of Leonardo da Vinci, one of the most eminent men of the Italian Renaissance.
His painting began in 1503 and it is in this work that the artist best conceived the sfumato technique.
The painting represents a woman with an introspective and somewhat shy expression. Her narrow smile is very seductive if a little conservative. Her body represents the standard of beauty for women in Leonardo’s time.
This painting is probably the most famous portrait in the history of art, if not the most famous and valuable painting in the entire world. Few other works of art are so controversial, questioned, valued, praised, celebrated, or reproduced. The work is in the Louvre Museum in Paris.
2) The Creation of Adam, Michelangelo Buonarotti
The Creation of Adam is a 280cm x 570cm fresco,[ painted by Michelangelo Buonarotti around 1511, which hangs on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican. The scene represents an episode from the Book of Genesis in which God creates the first man: Adam.
God is represented as a bearded old man, wrapped in a robe that he shares with some angels. His left arm is embracing a female figure, normally interpreted as Eve (in reality Lilith) – who has not yet been created and, figuratively, waits in the sky to gain a human form.
God’s right arm is stretched out to create the power of life from his own finger to Adam, who has his left arm outstretched in opposition to the creator’s. Adam’s and God’s fingers are separated by a small distance.
3) Medusa, Caravaggio
Medusa is an oil painting on canvas mounted on wood (not gilded carving) by Michel Angelo Merisi da Caravaggio, also known simply as Caravaggio.
Two versions were painted, the first in 1596 and another in 1597.
The first, also known as Murtula measures 48 by 55 cm and is signed Michel A F, which is deduced, in Latin: Michel Angelo Fecit, “Michel Angelo did [this]”. The work is part of a private collection.
The second, shown above, is slightly larger (60×55 cm) and is unsigned; it is currently held at the Galleria degli Uffizi, in Florence, Italy.
4) As Meninas, Diego Velázquez
The Girls is a 1656 painting by Diego Velázquez, the leading artist of the Spanish Golden Century. It is currently in the Prado Museum in Madrid.
The enigmatic and complex composition of the work raises questions about reality and illusion, creating an uncertain relationship between the observer and the represented figures. Due to these complexities, As Meninas is one of the most analyzed works of Western painting.
It shows a large room in the Real Alcázar de Madrid during the reign of King Philip IV of Spain, showing various figures of the contemporary Spanish court represented, according to some analysts, at a specific moment as if in a photograph.
Some look out of the frame towards the viewer, while others interact with each other. The young Infanta Margarida Teresa is surrounded by an entourage of ladies-in-waiting, a chaperone, a bodyguard, two dwarfs, and a dog.
Just behind them is Velázquez himself, who represents himself working on a large canvas. The artist looks into the distance, beyond the pictorial space where the viewer of the painting would be. In the background is a mirror reflecting King Philip and Queen Maria Anna. They appear to be placed outside the space of the painting in a position similar to that of the viewer, although some scholars speculate that their images are a reflection of the painting in which Velázquez is depicted. shown working.
Source: Pont des Arts
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