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Until reaching the format we know today, the universe of education has gone through many phases and is constantly undergoing transformations. Something that has not changed is that, since the first tutors of Ancient Greece, there have been great masters at the head of teaching.

Of these, we can highlight some personalities who left their mark on history and really changed the world. Below, learn about four professors who not only worked in teaching but also put into practice great theories and innovative ideas that, in one way or another, impacted society. Check out!

1. Albert Einstein

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Albert Einstein (1879-1955) is world-renowned for his activities in the field of Physics, in which he developed the theory of general relativity and discovered the law of the photoelectric effect, which led him to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 on account of so many important contributions. But Einstein was also a professor at institutions of higher learning, such as the University of Bern, the Carolina University and the Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Switzerland.

2. Marie Curie


Marie Curie (1867-1934) was a Polish scientist who developed pioneering research on radioactivity. In addition, she was responsible for the discovery of two chemical elements, polonium and radium. No wonder she was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, having received the prize in the field of Physics and later in Chemistry.

As if these achievements were not enough, Curie was the first woman to be a professor at the University of Paris (France)

3. Maria Montessori

Maria Montessori (1870-1952) was an Italian physician, educator and pedagogue. She left her legacy in the world from the educational methodology she developed and which bears her name, the so-called Montessori method. In her career, she defended the importance of freedom, activity and different stimuli for the physical and mental development of children. Its relevance was such that, until today, the methodology is applied in schools.

4. Stephen Hawking

Considered one of the most important scientists of the 20th century, Stephen Hawking (1942-2018) was professor emeritus of the chair of mathematics at the University of Cambridge (England), a post that was occupied by Isaac Newton (1643-1727). Hawking suffered from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, but continued to publish and teach until the end of his life.

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