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US and Brazilian presidents meet at the Summit of the Americas (to be held from June 6 to 10) after the White House told Planalto that it will not accept a challenge to the results of the polls, in the October presidential elections in Brazil.

The risk of Jair Bolsonaro not accepting the results of the October 2 elections in Brazil in the event of an eventual defeat will be the subject of the meeting between the Brazilian president and his American counterpart Joe Biden, at the meeting between the two on the sidelines of the Summit of the Americas, scheduled for the next few days (June 6th-1st) in Los Angeles. The meeting will take place days after Bolsonaro again raised suspicions, without evidence, of possible fraud in the electronic voting system, and Biden, via the State Department and via the CIA, reinforced that he does not want to hear about disrespect for the polls’ verdict.

“Last year, the CIA and the State Department, already this year, underlined with the Brazilian government that the United States does not want problems in the elections and wants the loser to accept the result – this point is clear and has not changed”, James Naylor Green, a professor of Latin American History at Brown University, who has been advising the Biden Administration on issues related to Brazil, tells DN James Naylor Green.

William Burns, appointed by Biden as director of the CIA, the US intelligence service, met in July 2021 at Palácio do Planalto with the president and two of his advisers – General Augusto Heleno, chief minister of the Security Cabinet. Institutional Director of the Presidency, and Alexandre Ramagem, then head of ABIN, the Brazilian intelligence service, according to Reuters. According to the news agency, some of its interlocutors tried to minimize the impact of Bolsonaro’s statements by attacking the country’s electoral system. In response, Burns reportedly said that the democratic process is sacred and that the president of Brazil should not speak as he has.

“I don’t know for sure what Biden will discuss with Bolsonaro at the parallel meeting between the two, but he will, for sure, maintain that he does not want to contest the elections, not least because he is still facing all the effects of Donald Trump’s refusal to accept the elections. results and fears that in Brazil the situation will be repeated”, continues Green.

On the surface, however, Biden’s insistence that Bolsonaro attend the summit aims to “fill the room”. “Biden felt that the summit was too weak, given the absence of López Obrador, from Mexico, in protest that Nicaragua, Venezuela and Cuba had not been invited, and therefore he realized that the presence of Brazil, another country, was absolutely necessary. of the Americas, so that the room would not look empty”.

So he sent Chris Dodd, a special adviser to the White House, to Brasília to invite Bolsonaro. Initially opposed to the trip, the Brazilian president accepted the request because it could be useful to him in the context of the pre-electoral campaign. “For Bolsonaro, a photograph next to Biden will be interesting to show that he is not as isolated internationally as is said and that he does not only support autocratic politicians, such as Vladimir Putin, who visited a week before the war”, underlines to DN Vinícius Rodrigues Vieira. , professor of International Relations at Fundação Armando Álvares Penteado, with experience at the American universities of Berkeley and Yale.

The geopolitical reading that the insistence on Biden’s invitation to Bolsonaro may represent an eventual support from the US president to his counterpart in the October elections is not considered likely by Rodrigues Vieira. “It will only be a protocol thing, because when Biden beat Trump, Bolsonaro committed all the possible “gaffes” when suggesting and even claiming that the victory occurred after possible fraud, which created a distance between the White House and Planalto”.

Even after accepting the invitation, Bolsonaro called Biden an old man, in an interview with CNN Brasil. “We were at the G-20 summit, in October, and he passed me without even looking in the face”, said the head of state of Brazil. “It must be an age thing,” he concluded.

However, recalls Rodrigues Vieira, “the US has a history of intervention in Latin America, and not only, of supporting candidates more to the right” – including support for the 1964 military coup in Brazil itself. “Is it, in this case, that the Biden administration sees Bolsonaro as insurance against an alignment between Brazil and China?” he asks. And he asks again: “It is reported that [Franklin Delano] Roosevelt said about [Rafael] Trujillo, dictator of the Dominican Republic, something like “he may be a son of a bitch, but he is our son of a bitch”, does Biden see Bolsonaro How did Roosevelt see Trujillo in an eventual cold war scenario with China?”

However, for the academic, “as the United States has publicly said that it does not want Bolsonaro to complicate the October elections”, the meeting may serve as a warning to the Brazilian president that, “contrary to what happened in the cold war original, with Trujillo and others, today’s USA no longer tolerates crooks as much, even if they are “our crooks”.

For Rodrigues Vieira, former president Lula da Silva, who leads the electoral race with a 21-point advantage (48-27) over Bolsonaro, according to a poll by the Datafolha institute on Thursday, 26, would be more interesting for the government of Democrats. “Lula, who circulates with [German Chancellor Olaf] Scholz and [French President Emmanuel] Macron, could be much more interesting, for long-term purposes, to Biden’s purposes of consolidating democratic blocs beyond the West.”

This year’s Summit of the Americas, the ninth since the original one, in 1994, in Miami, with Bill Clinton as host, has the confirmed presence of representatives from 32 countries, including Justin Trudeau, from Canada, and Alberto Fernández, from Argentina. , in addition to Bolsonaro.

Source: With Agencies

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