Will the Russian Federation survive until 2024?
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By José Carlos Palma*

The Russian Federation, with its vast expanse and diverse regions, faces potential challenges that could test the stability and continuity of Vladimir Putin’s hold on power. Beneath Russia’s seemingly impassive surface, new forces are in motion, which have the potential to disrupt the established order. This article explores the evolving landscape, examining factors that may threaten Putin’s grip on power and the implications for the integrity of the Russian Federation.

Emerging Forces:

  1. Internal Dissent: Growing discontent within Russia presents a potential challenge to Putin’s leadership. Public sentiment, fueled by economic concerns, political dissatisfaction, and demands for greater freedoms, has the potential to coalesce into a formidable force challenging the established political order.
  2. Autonomous Military Formations: The emergence of private armies operating independently from the Russian Army raises questions about Putin’s control over the armed forces. These formations, driven by various motivations, may act as potential power centers, challenging centralized control and raising concerns about the unity of the military establishment.
  3. Regional Dynamics: The Russian Federation comprises a vast array of regions and ethnic republics, each with its own unique interests and aspirations. If these regions feel marginalized or perceive a loss of central control, it could undermine the integrity of the nation, potentially leading to separatist movements or increased regional autonomy.

Implications for Putin’s Hold on Power:

  1. Fragility of the Center: Putin’s ability to maintain control rests on a delicate balance between consolidating power in the center and managing regional dynamics. Any significant disruptions to this delicate equilibrium could weaken Putin’s hold on power and challenge the stability of the entire nation.
  2. War in Ukraine: The outcome of Russia’s involvement in the war in Ukraine has implications for Putin’s domestic support. As the situation becomes increasingly challenging for Kremlin insiders, a perceived failure or prolonged conflict could erode public confidence in Putin’s leadership, further destabilizing the internal landscape.
  3. Economic Factors: Economic pressures, including sanctions, fluctuations in global markets, and internal economic challenges, can strain Putin’s ability to maintain stability. Economic discontent can amplify existing grievances and contribute to a climate conducive to political change.


The future of the Russian Federation is shaped by complex and interconnected factors. While the prediction of its stability until 2024 is uncertain, the emergence of new forces and evolving dynamics pose potential challenges to Vladimir Putin’s hold on power. Internal dissent, autonomous military formations, and regional dynamics have the capacity to disrupt the established order and threaten the integrity of the nation. As these forces continue to evolve, the interplay between them and the response from Putin’s government will determine the future trajectory of the Russian Federation.

* Expert in international relations, such as foreign policy, international trade, domestic security, international security, developing nations, domestic security, intelligence,  political consultant, and military analysis.

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