Germans remember Kristallnacht attacks as anti-Semitism resurges
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The Smartencyclopedia Staff & Agencies

Germany is marking the 85th anniversary of Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass) when the Nazis persecuted Jews across the country and in Austria.

is known today in schools, town halls, churches, synagogues, and parliaments.

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz speaks with German Jewish leader Josef Schuster at a memorial service for a Berlin synagogue that was firebombed last month.

Anti-Semitism surged in Germany after Hamas launched a brutal attack in Israel on October 7, killing 1,400 people and triggering the war in Gaza.

“I was there during Kristallnacht. I was in Vienna back then,” Holocaust survivor Herbert Traube said at an event marking the anniversary in Paris on Wednesday.

“To me, it was often repeated: ‘Never again.’ It was a leitmotif in everything that was being said for decades,” Mr Traube said, adding that he is upset both by the resurgence of antisemitism and the lack of a “massive popular reaction” against it.

On November 9, 1938, the Nazis killed at least 91 people and vandalised 7,500 Jewish businesses. They also burned more than 1,400 synagogues, according to Israel’s Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial.

Up to 30,000 Jewish men were arrested, many of them taken to concentration camps such as Dachau or Buchenwald. Hundreds more committed suicide or died of torture in the camps in the years before mass deportations began.

Kristallnacht was a turning point in the persecution of the Jews. During the Holocaust, six million European Jews were murdered by the Nazis and their followers.

Although incomparable to the Holocaust 85 years ago when the government supported the Nazis, many Jews in Germany and across Europe still live in fear, trying to hide their identities from the public and avoid areas affected by the violence. , supporting the Palestinian protests.

Jews in Berlin painted Stars of David on their houses, and Jewish students in schools and universities across the country faced harassment and persecution.

I don’t think there are any real guarantees that will provide what is needed to protect the Jews. The leaders are there. He pledged to protect Germany’s Jewish community.

Still, Anna Segal, the manager of the Berlin Jewish community Kahal Adass Jisroel, which was attacked last month in an attempted firebombing, said not enough is being done to protect them and other Jews in Germany.

She said the community’s 450 members have been living in fear since the attack and that authorities have not fully responded to calls to increase security for them.

“The nice words and the expressions of solidarity and standing by the side of the Jews — we are not very satisfied with how that has been translated into action so far,” Ms Segal said.

“I think there is a lack of a clear commitment that everything that is necessary is invested in the security of the Jews.”

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